Gum disease, known as periodontitis, occurs when the tissue around your teeth becomes inflamed.
Warning signs of gum disease include:
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating hard food
- Gums that are receding which cause the teeth to look longer than before
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pus between your gums and teeth
- Sores in your mouth
- Persistent bad breath
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
Left untreated, gum disease can lead to movement of the teeth and even tooth loss. If you think you may have gum disease, visit your dentist who will be able to make a diagnosis of the problem and may recommend you see a periodontist or gum specialist for treatment.
Periodontal services are provided by the periodontist, Dr Dominiki Chatzopoulou
Types of treatment
Non surgical periodontal therapy
Thorough cleaning of the teeth and root surfaces under local anaesthetic to remove plaque, tartar and bacterial toxins. For many people, non-surgical therapy is very successful in eliminating the problem of gum disease without need for further surgical treatment.
Periodontal review and maintenance
For most patients where non-surgical treatment has been successful it will be necessary to receive on-going maintenance treatment to keep the problem at bay.
During gum disease the bone supporting your teeth can sometimes be lost. Regenerative surgery can help to replace and rebuild this lost bone.
This type of surgery is to regenerate the soft tissues (gum) which may have been lost due to gum disease.
This procedure is for realignment, or contouring, of the gum line to improve the aesthetics of the teeth.
Root coverage surgical procedures
Exposed roots are a common problem after gum disease and can be sensitive to hot and cold foods as well as aesthetically displeasing. Root coverage surgery will help to protect the root, prevent sensitivity and create a better looking smile.